Best 5 Beethoven Books on Amazon
1.Beethoven: The Universal Composer by Edmund Morris
2.Beethoven by Maynard Solomon
3.Beethoven: The Music and the Life by Lewis Lockwood
4.Late Beethoven: Music, Thought, Imagination by Maynard Solomon
5.Beethoven as I Knew Him by Anton Felix Schindler
Piano Concerto No. 5
This concerto was finalized in 1809, about the same time as the famous sonata Appasionata op. 57. The powerful themes and heroic note of the composition, lead to the name Emperor for this concerto.
The name “Emperor” dates from Beethoven’s time but was not given by Beethoven himself. Since the composer had little regard for emperors, he would be unlikely to name one of his own works for a class of people he disliked. While evidence is not clear, it seems that the name was given by a close friend of Beethoven, German composer Johann Baptist Cramer.
The piano concerto has three parts:
II. Adagio un poco mosso
Part I – Allegro – is constructed like a sonata and starts with a cadence of the piano, suggesting man’s heroism. Only later, the orchestra presents the first theme.
After the introduction of the second theme, a dialogue is built up between the orchestra and the piano regarding the presented themes. The ending of the first movement renders the atmosphere given by the powerful rhythms and the ample sonorities of the ending of the first allegro in Symphony No. 3.
Part II – Adagio un poco mosso – starts with a silent presentation by the string instruments of an expressive theme, of great openness, and is followed by the piano with an extraordinarily melodic segment.
Part III – Rondo-Allegro – starts just before the end of the second part when the piano tunes the sounds of an arpeggio which will generate the theme of the rondo, so powerfully rendered by the solo instrument.
The new concerto was premiered in Leipzig in 1811. The solo part was not played by Beethoven since his hearing problems made any king of public performance impossible. The honor of playing the solo part for the premier went to young church organist Friedrich Schneider. When the “Emperor” premiered in Vienna – in February 1812 - the solo part was interpreted by Beethoven’s pupil and friend Carl Czerny.
Read more about Beethoven's Concertos
- Piano Concerto no. 1 in C major op. 15
- Piano Concerto no. 2 in B flat major op. 19
- Piano Concerto no. 3 in C minor op. 37
- Piano Concerto no. 4 in G major op. 58
- Piano Concerto no. 5 “Emperor” in E flat major op. 73
- Violin Concerto in D major op. 61
- Triple Concerto for piano, violin and cello in C major op. 56
Read more about Beethoven's music
- Beethoven Symphonies - Each of the nine Beethoven symphonies analyzed.
- Trios - General discussion regarding Beethoven's trios for various instruments and ensembles.
- Sonatas for Cello and Piano - Discussion about Beethoven's five cello and piano sonatas.
- Sonatas for Violin and Piano - Overview of Beethoven's ten sonatas for violin and piano.
- String Quartets - Brief analysis of Beethoven's seventeen string quartets.
- The Opera "Fidelio" - The background, subject and influences of Beethoven's only opera.
- The Concertos - Beethoven's five piano concertos, his violin concerto and triple concerto analyzed.
- The Overtures - Brief overview of some of the most important Beethoven overtures.